刘文辉,魏小星,刘芳,秦燕,张永超.高寒区施肥和混播对燕麦人工草地植物器官碳氮储量分配的影响[J].干旱地区农业研究,2019,37(4):100~106
高寒区施肥和混播对燕麦人工草地植物器官碳氮储量分配的影响
Effects of fertilization and mixed crops on carbon and nitrogen allocation of the different plant organs on oat cultivation grassland on alpine area
  
DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2019.04.13
中文关键词:  高寒区  燕麦人工草地  施肥  混播  植物器官  碳储量分配  氮储量分配
英文关键词:alpine area  oats artificial grassland  fertilization  mixture seeding  plant organ  carbon allocation  nitrogen allocation
基金项目:青海省科技厅重点实验室发展专项(2017-ZJ-Y12);现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金(CARS-34);青海省“高端创新人才计划”;农业部牧草种质资源保护项目(2130135);青海省饲草产业科技创新平台
作者单位
刘文辉 Key Laboratory of Superior Forage Germplasm in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Qinghai Academy of Animal Science and Veterinary, Xining, Qinghai 810016, China 
魏小星 Key Laboratory of Superior Forage Germplasm in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Qinghai Academy of Animal Science and Veterinary, Xining, Qinghai 810016, China 
刘芳 National Animal Husbanclry Service, Beijing, 100126 
秦燕 Key Laboratory of Superior Forage Germplasm in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Qinghai Academy of Animal Science and Veterinary, Xining, Qinghai 810016, China 
张永超 Key Laboratory of Superior Forage Germplasm in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Qinghai Academy of Animal Science and Veterinary, Xining, Qinghai 810016, China 
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中文摘要:
      为了解青藏高原高寒地区燕麦品种、施肥和箭筈豌豆混播比例对燕麦人工草地植物各器官生物C、N储量分配的影响,采用4个燕麦品种、4个施肥水平(B1:不施任何肥料,CK0;B2:尿素75 kg·hm-2+磷酸二铵150 kg·hm-2,IM;B3:有机肥1 500 kg·hm-2,OM;B4:尿素37.5 kg·hm-2+磷酸二铵75 kg·hm-2+有机肥750 kg·hm-2,IM+OM)和4个箭筈豌豆混播水平(C1:0 kg·hm-2;C2:45 kg·hm-2;C3:60 kg·hm-2;C4:75 kg·hm-2)的三因素四水平正交试验设计\[L16(45)\],研究施肥和混播对不同品种燕麦乳熟期器官C、N储量的影响,C、N储量分配模式和地上、地下器官C、N储量相关关系。结果表明,品种、施肥和混播均对燕麦草地各器官和组分生物C、N储量分配具有显著影响。品种主要影响箭筈豌豆茎、根生物C储量分配,混播主要影响燕麦茎、叶、穗、根和箭筈豌豆叶生物C储量分配;品种主要影响燕麦茎、叶、穗、根生物N储量分配,而混播主要影响箭筈豌豆茎、叶、根生物N储量分配。燕麦人工草地建植时,燕麦各器官C、N储量分配在选用青燕1号、施尿素37.5 kg·hm-2+磷酸二铵75 kg·hm-2+有机肥750 kg·hm-2,单播燕麦时,其燕麦茎、叶、穗和根生物C、N储量分配最高,其C储量分配分别达40.21%、15.48%、23.02%和9.89%,,N储量分配分别达20.70%、20.79%、32.09%和5.19%;箭筈豌豆各器官C、N储量分配在选用青海444、不施肥情况下混播箭筈豌豆75 kg·hm-2时,箭筈豌豆茎、叶和根生物C、N储量分配最高,其C储量分配分别达11.27%、13.57%和2.27%,N储量分配分别达13.03%、32.18%和0.95%。燕麦人工草地总生物C、N储量分配分别为茎(44.39%)>叶(23.99%)>穗(20.38%)>根(11.24%)和叶(42.14)>茎(26.77%)>穗(25.96%)>根(5.13%)。燕麦和箭筈豌豆混播栽培草地中,燕麦茎和穗,箭筈豌豆叶是主要的C、N储藏器官。
英文摘要:
      To understand the effect of oat variety, fertilizer, and legume mixture on the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stock and allocation of different plant organs on oat cultivation grassland, we carried out a experiment including four oats varieties and four levels of nutrient addition (B1: No addition CK0; B2: urea 75 kg·hm-2+ diammonium phosphate 150 kg·hm-2,IM; B3: organic fertilizer 1 500 kg·hm-2,OM; B4: urea 75 kg·hm-2+ diammonium phosphate 150 kg·hm-2+ organic fertilizer 1 500 kg·hm-2 IM+OM) and four legume mixture levels (C1:0 kg·hm-2;C2:45 kg·hm-2;C3:60 kg·hm-2;C4:75 kg·hm-2) to analyze the effect of different agronomy procedure and C and N allocation pattern and the relationship between the C and N stock below and above ground and the growth. As the results shown, three kinds of agronomy procedures significantly affected C and N allocation. The variety played an important role in legume plant stem and root carbon stock and allocation, mixture affected the legume stem, leaf and root nitrogen allocation. Under the agronomy procedure (Avena sativa L.cv. Qingyan No.1 monoculture,urea 37.5 kg·hm-2 and diammonium phosphate 75 kg·hm-2 and organic fertilizer 750 kg·hm-2), the carbon and nitrogen stock in the stem, leaf, spike and root of the oat were highest compared with other agronomy procedures (carbon stock, stem 40.21%, leaf 15.48%, spike 23.20% and root 9.89%; nitrogen stock, stem 20.70%, leaf 20.79%, spike 32.09% and root 5.19%). When mixture with Avena sativa L. cv. Qinghai No.444, the cultivation of Vicia sativa L. under 75 kg·hm-2 without fertilization got a highest carbon and nitrogen stock and allocation in stem, leaf and root (carbon stock, stem 11.27%, leaf 13.57% and root 2.27%; nitrogen stock, stem 13.03%, leaf 32.18% and root 0.95%). The allocation pattern of the oat cultivation grassland was stem(44.39%)> leaf(23.99%)> spike(20.38%)> root(11.24%) for C and leaf(42.14)> stem(26.77%)> spike(25.96%)> root(5.13%) for N. In the oat and legume mixture grassland, the stem and spike of oats and the legume leaf were the main carbon and nitrogen stock organs.
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