席吉龙,王珂,杨娜,席天元,张建诚,姚景珍,席凯鹏,李永山,贾秀领.不同小麦品种对晚霜冻的响应及抗霜性评价[J].干旱地区农业研究,2020,38(1):125~132
不同小麦品种对晚霜冻的响应及抗霜性评价
Evaluation of responses of different wheat varieties to spring frost injury and their frost resistance
  
DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2020.01.17
中文关键词:  小麦;晚霜冻;生理指标;幼穗冻伤率  产量  隶属函数法
英文关键词:wheat  frost resistance  physiological index  frostbite rate of young panicle  yield  subordinate function analysis
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0300203);“十二五”农村领域国家科技支撑计划课题(2015BAD22B03)
作者单位
席吉龙 Cotton Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuncheng, Shanxi 044000, China 
王珂 Cotton Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuncheng, Shanxi 044000, China 
杨娜 Cotton Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuncheng, Shanxi 044000, China 
席天元 Cotton Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuncheng, Shanxi 044000, China 
张建诚 Cotton Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuncheng, Shanxi 044000, China 
姚景珍 Cotton Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuncheng, Shanxi 044000, China 
席凯鹏 Cotton Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuncheng, Shanxi 044000, China 
李永山 Cotton Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuncheng, Shanxi 044000, China 
贾秀领 Institute of Cereal and Oil Crops of Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050035, China 
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中文摘要:
      为评价小麦品种的抗晚霜冻能力,以16个小麦品种为材料,在自然霜冻条件下测定叶片相对电导率、叶绿素含量、叶绿素荧光参数(Fv/Fm)、光合速率、超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)活性、过氧化物酶(POD)活性、过氧化氢酶(CAT)活性、丙二醛(MDA)含量等生理生化指标,及幼穗冻伤率、产量及产量结构等,应用各指标相对值进行隶属度(D值)综合评价及聚类分析。结果表明:小麦拔节期霜冻胁迫后,叶片叶绿素含量、叶绿素荧光参数(Fv/Fm)、光合速率的平均值分别降低5.9%、1.0%、34.4%,叶片SOD活性、POD活性、CAT活性、MDA含量、相对电导率平均值分别上升46.7%、33.7%、8.4%、20.8%、32.8%,各指标品种间存在显著( P<0.05)或极显著的差异(P<0.01)。参试品种的平均隶属度值为0.192~0.911,幼穗冻伤率为1.3%~41.8%,产量为4 328.1~8 222.3 kg·hm-2,产量和产量结构差异显著。通过隶属度平均值(D值)、幼穗冻伤率和产量聚类,将16个小麦品种聚为5类,I类:济麦22、临Y8012、山农28;II类:舜麦1718、济麦23、中麦36、烟农1212;III类:山农30、晋麦84号、衡杂102、师栾02-1、科农2009、周麦18;IV类:冀麦325、西农585;V类:西农529。从第I类品种到第V类品种,冬性越来越弱,春性越来越强,抗晚霜冻能力越来越弱。
英文摘要:
      The experiment was conducted to evaluate wheat varieties responses to late frost with 16 wheat varieties in the field in Southern Shanxi Province. The physiological and other indices including relative electrical conductivity, chlorophyll content, fluorescence parameters (Fv/Fm), photosynthetic rate, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, peroxidase (POD) activity, and catalase (CAT) activity, frostbite rate, yield, and yield component after natural frost injury happened in spring were measured. The relative value of each index was used for the comprehensive evaluation of membership degree (D value) and cluster analysis. The results showed that the chlorophyll content, fluorescence parameters (Fv/Fm), and photosynthetic rate of wheat leaves decreased by 5.9%、1.0%、and 34.4%, respectively while the SOD activity, POD activity, CAT activity, MDA content, and relative electrical conductivity of leaves increased by 46.7%、33.7%、8.4%、20.8%、and 32.8% after frost stress at the jointing stage, respectively. There were significant differences (P<0.05 or P<0.01) among varieties. The average membership value of varieties was 0.192~0.911, the frostbite rate of young ears was 1.3%~41.8%, and the yields ranged from 4 328.1 to 8 222.3 kg·hm-2. The yield and yield structure were significant different. Based on D value and frostbite rate of young panicle and yield, 16 wheat varieties were clustered into 5 categories. Category I included Jimai 22, LinY8012, and Shannong 28; Category II included Shunmai 1718, Jimai 23, Zhongmai 36, and Yannong 1212; Category III included Shannong 30, Jinmai 84, Hengza 102, Shiluan 02-1, Kenong 2009, and Zhoumai 18; Category IV included Jimai 325, and Xinong 585; Category V included Xinong 529. From I to V, winteriness was weaker, while springiness was stronger and the ability to resist late frost was weaker. Therefore, higher frost resistant wheat variety should be planted.
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