武天伦,郭辉,于欣东,彭波,刘洪生,叶小雯.果园套种模式下花生摘果装置设计与试验[J].干旱地区农业研究,2021,(3):224~229
果园套种模式下花生摘果装置设计与试验
Design and experiment of peanut-picking device under interplanting pattern in orchard
  
DOI:10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2021.03.28
中文关键词:  花生摘果装置  果园套种:双滚筒  喂入口倾角  摘果间隙  切流
英文关键词:peanuts picking device  interplanting in orchard  double drum  feed inlet angle  picking gap  tangential flow
基金项目:新疆维吾尔自治区重点研发计划项目(2018B01001-1-3)
作者单位
武天伦 College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumchi, Xinjiang 830052, China 
郭辉 College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumchi, Xinjiang 830052, China 
于欣东 College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumchi, Xinjiang 830052, China 
彭波 Xinjiang Machinery Research Institute Limited Company, Urumchi, Xinjiang 830011, China 
刘洪生 Xinjiang Machinery Research Institute Limited Company, Urumchi, Xinjiang 830011, China 
叶小雯 Xinjiang Machinery Research Institute Limited Company, Urumchi, Xinjiang 830011, China 
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中文摘要:
      针对新疆果园套种花生的种植模式在收获花生过程中行走不便、荚果破碎率高、生产率低等问题,研制了一种果园套种模式下花生摘果装置。在分析整机工作原理的基础上,进行了关键零部件的设计及参数确定。确定摘果滚筒转速X1、喂入口倾角X2和摘果间隙X3三个因素为影响摘果效率的主要因素,并对摘净率和破碎率进行试验研究。试验结果表明:影响摘净率和破碎率的因素主次顺序为:X1>X2>X3。较优组合为摘果滚筒转速370 r·min-1,喂入口倾角12°,摘果间隙20 mm。试验结果为摘净率97.87%,破碎率为1.75%。
英文摘要:
      In order to solve the problems of inconvenient machine movement, high broken rate of pod, and low productivity of intercropping peanut in Xinjiang orchard, a peanut\|picking device was developed. Based on the analysis of the working principle of the whole machine, the key parts were designed and the parameters were determined. The main factors affecting the fruit picking efficiency were determined to be the rotation speed of picking drum X1, the angle of feed inlet X2, and the picking clearance X3. The results showed that the order of the factors affecting the picking rate and crushing rate was X1>X2>X3. The optimum combination was set picking drum speed at 370 r·min-1, feeding angle at 12°, the fruit picking gap at 20 mm, the picking rate at 97.87%, and the crushing rate at 1.75%.
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